How Antidepressants Work

Posted on 2013-07-31 05:41:44

Antidepressants are the first line of treatment for depression. Not all anti-depressants work on all people, hence one will have to use one that works on them.

All anti-depressants are given in a bid to bring stability to the brain in one way or another. This means that they help reduce the symptoms of depression, such as: feeling extremely sad for no clear reason, loss of interest or pleasure in things you normally enjoy, difficulty in thinking, maintain concentration and making decisions. They may also be helpful in the treatment of anxiety-related disorders and eating disorders.

People with depression and anxiety disorders often have an imbalance in certain natural chemicals in the brain. In particular antidepressants are designed to increase the levels of neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters work like chemical messengers, passing an electrical signal from one nerve cell in the brain to the other. The increase in the level of these neurotransmitters causes the mood and emotions to stabilize and perhaps return to normal by helping the brain restore its usual chemical balance.

Reuptake inhibitors are the most common types of anti-depressants offered. They work to keep the level of neurotransmitters high by stopping the natural absorption back to the nerve cells. Keeping levels of neurotransmitters could improve communication between the nerve cells and that, somehow, might improve mood.

Even though doctors prescribe antidepressants. It is not fully proven whether they work with neurotransmitters to treat depression patients or not. The brain is a complex organ that is still under study. What may be the correct chemical balance or imbalance in the brain is not yet clear. It is possible that antidepressants might have everything to do with neurotransmitters and other factors or it may have nothing to do with that. Nevertheless even though experts might not have all the answers to how they work, we do know that they work. Studies and research conducted have established the effectiveness of antidepressants, so be certain that they actually work.

Drugs like Bhang, Cocaine and caffeinated and alcoholic drinks normally make one feel good about themselves instantly and for a short period of time too. Most people also expect antidepressants to work the same but that’s just not how they work. Antidepressants require one to be patient while taking them. It can take up to six weeks after the first dose of medication before it has an anti-depressant effect. The maximum benefit of anti-depressants is normally felt after six months.

It should be noted that antidepressants don’t change one’s personality or make one become addicted to them. All they do is restore the mood to how it once was.