First Aid And Basic Life SupportPosted on 2013-07-17 22:00:40
FIRST AID First aid is the initial treatment of injuries and illnesses before definitive medical treatment can be accessed. It consists of simple techniques that people are trained to perform with minimal equipment, allowing almost anyone to be certified in first aid. A general course takes 1 to 2 days. First aid covers techniques to handle the following illnesses and injuries:
- Cuts and bruises – controlling bleeding
- Fractures - stabilization
- Medical emergencies such as burns, poisoning, fainting, seizures etc.
- Chest compressions should be performed over the breastbone (centre of the chest) at a rate of atleast 100 chest compressions every minute. The emphasis here is to “push hard and fast”.
- When performing both chest compressions and rescue breaths, use a ratio of 30 compressions to 2 breaths. This should be done by those trained in CPR.
- Untrained by-standers can perform hands-only CPR, where only chest compressions are performed, without the rescue breaths.
- Chest compressions should be started immediately with minimal delay, which may be caused by efforts such as trying to locate a pulse. If the person is not breathing, start CPR immediately.
- Cardiac arrest
- Drowning etc
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