First Aid And Basic Life Support

Posted on 2013-07-17 22:00:40

FIRST AID First aid is the initial treatment of injuries and illnesses before definitive medical treatment can be accessed. It consists of simple techniques that people are trained to perform with minimal equipment, allowing almost anyone to be certified in first aid. A general course takes 1 to 2 days. First aid covers techniques to handle the following illnesses and injuries:
  • Cuts and bruises – controlling bleeding
  • Fractures - stabilization
  • Medical emergencies such as burns, poisoning, fainting, seizures etc.
In workplaces, it is require for some people certified first aid providers. It is also useful to train those taking care of children such as domestic workers. CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) involves performing chest compressions and giving rescue breathes to a person who is not breathing or has no pulse in order to restore and maintain blood circulation and oxygenation of vital organs. CPR can be performed by a medical professional or by a trained by-stander. In the case of an untrained by-stander, a type of CPR referred to as “hands-only” CPR is advised. This is where chest compressions are performed without the rescue breaths. Basics about performing effective CPR:
  • Chest compressions should be performed over the breastbone (centre of the chest) at a rate of atleast 100 chest compressions every minute. The emphasis here is to “push hard and fast”.
  • When performing both chest compressions and rescue breaths, use a ratio of 30 compressions to 2 breaths. This should be done by those trained in CPR.
  • Untrained by-standers can perform hands-only CPR, where only chest compressions are performed, without the rescue breaths.
  • Chest compressions should be started immediately with minimal delay, which may be caused by efforts such as trying to locate a pulse. If the person is not breathing, start CPR immediately.
CPR is part of the training for other emergency medical courses such as the Basic Life Support.   BLS Basic Life Support is medical care given to victims of life-threatening illnesses or injuries prior to full medical care in a hospital setting. It can be given by medical personnel or lay persons who have undergone training. A general BLS course takes 2 to 3 days, with certification that requires renewal periodically. BLS provides skills in managing conditions such as
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Choking
  • Drowning etc
BLS lifesaving techniques are focused on the “CAB” (formerly known as the ABC) of pre-hospital emergency care. C – Circulation: Techniques here include CPR and bleeding management. In areas where a defibrillator is available, this can also be used. A – Airway: keeping the air passages open using techniques such as head tilt/chin tilt and jaw thrust. B- Breathing – assisting in delivering air to the lungs BLS is particularly useful for caregivers such as teachers, parents, domestic helps, day care providers to ensure they can deal with child injuries when they occur.  

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