Children's Developmental MilestonesPosted on 2013-06-16 22:00:57
It is typical at gatherings, such as birthdays, clinic queues and waiting areas at school interviews e.g. kindergartens, market places and malls and other social events when as parents at some point we begin to compare our children’s milestones. With each one saying, mine walked at 9 months or mine walked at 1 and a half years. Conversations about teething, first words, crawling, smiling, cooing, playing and other skills acquired by the baby are common among mothers. The comparisons may make some parents worried especially first time parents. Parents need to understand that all children are different, although there are milestones that are naturally expected of all children at certain ages and stages of growth. What is fundamental is that every baby is unique, even children born of the same mother or twins. Developmental milestones by definition are a set of functional skills or tasks that are age specific which most children are able to do at a certain age range. Child development refers to how a child is able to do more things that are more complex in nature as they become older. Yes this is quite different from growth as growth then refers to the child getting bigger in size for example height or head circumference. A developmental delay is when a child does not reach a milestone by the upper range of normal. The pediatricians during their child healthcare checks normally use milestones in order to see how the child is developing. Each milestone may have a certain age level, but the age at which each child reaches this milestone varies. When we talk about normal development, we are talking about developing skills like:
- Gross motor skills including using a large group of muscles to sit, stand, walk, run, keeping balance and even changing positions.
- Fine motor skills which involve using hands to be able to do things such as eat, draw, dress, play, and write.
- Language that includes speaking, using body language and gestures communicating and understanding what other people say
- Cognitive function that involve thinking skills which include learning, understanding, problem solving, reasoning and remembering.
- Social skills which includes interacting with other children, having relationships with the family, friends, and teachers, and responding to the feelings of others.
- Inadequate stimulation or learning opportunities
- iron deficiency anemia and iodine deficiency.
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