What makes a pregnancy cancerous?Posted on 2012-10-26 00:00:19
It is not yet clear why this happens. Some genetic abnormalities have been identified and it has been suggested that mutations are the cause of a molar pregnancy. It has,however, been noted that women with many pregnancies, and women below the age of 20 years or older than 35 years are associated more with molar pregnancy than others. For sometime a molar pregnancy will behave like a normal pregnancy. However, at some point, the patient may develop vaginal bleeding, the uterus might be much bigger than expected, the pregnant lady might have excessive nausea and vomiting, she might develop early and pronounced anemia, and/or early high blood pressure. Confirmation will be done by first a blood test that measures the pregnancy hormone Beta-hCG. This hormone is produced by all pregnant women and levels vary with the stage of the pregnancy. However, in those with molar pregnancy, the levels of this hormone far exceed what is expected. This is then followed by an ultrasound which will show an abnormal pregnancy with the ideal diagnosis being made after a biopsy. A molar pregnancy is usually not an actual pregnancy. In a few cases, a twin pregnancy may have one viable fetus and one molar pregnancy. The main concern is that 2.5 to 3 out of 10 patients will have a molar pregnancy that spreads or becomes cancer.
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